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Macedonia 2013: 100 Years After the Treaty of Bucharest

Skopje & Ohrid, Macedonia, 24 July – 2 August 2013
Abstracts / Proposals by 30 March 2013

2013 marks the 100th anniversary of the completion of the Balkan Wars and the signing of the Treaty of Bucharest, which divided Macedonia among Bulgaria, Greece, and Serbia. The conference will explore the implications the Balkan Wars and the Treaty had on Macedonians and the Macedonian identity for both domestic and regional politics, most notably, after the establishment of an independent and sovereign Republic of Macedonia.

The Annual Global Conference, organized by the United Macedonian Diaspora (UMD), the leading organization for Macedonians worldwide, based out of Washington, D.C., invites abstract submissions for its 4th Global Conference to be held in Skopje and Ohrid, Macedonia from 24 July to 2 August 2013.

Panels are organized around the following interdisciplinary themes:

I. Balkan Wars (1912-1913)

A. Event Analysis

  • Consequences of the Treaty of Bucharest on the Macedonian territory and identity
  • Where were the “Macedonians”? Omission of a people in history
  • “The Macedonian Question”

B. War Tactics

  • Ethnic cleansing and accepted warfare in an era of nationalism
  • Exploitation of local populations and their effects

II. Treaty of Bucharest

A. Repercussions

  • Migration/Immigration
  • The Greek Civil War: Aegean Macedonians and “Deca Begalci” of 1948
  • Assimilation attempts by Bulgaria, Greece, and Serbia, and the development of “Srbomani” / ”Grkomani”/ ”Bugarofil” Macedonians: social confusion, legitimate or careful calculation?

B. Residual Effects in Contemporary Politics

  • Regional issues vis à vis the Macedonian identity: Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, and Serbia
  • What’s your Orthodox? Impact of the Serbian/Greek/Bulgarian and Macedonian Churches on regional disputes
  • Importance of Macedonian Orthodox Church in safeguarding and furthering Macedonian identity
  • Role of Diaspora in fighting for free, independent, and sovereign Macedonia
  • How EU integration will/does affect the Macedonian identity
  • Departures within a nation: the Yugoslav experience vis à vis fates of those in remaining Macedonian territories.

III. Republic of Macedonia

A. Modern Government

  • Republic of Macedonia, Western Balkans: successes and challenges in democracy, corruption, and the rule of law
  • Efficiency and efficacy of the legal system in the Republic of Macedonia
  • Politics and History: the role of history in shaping modern-day political agendas and interests
  • Policies since 1991: EU, NATO, Russia and China
  • Modern-day relations with Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, and Serbia
  • Macedonia: economic and transportation gateway to Southeast Europe

B. Societal Issues

  • Minority rights in the Republic (notably, Albanian, Roma, Women, LGBT)
  • Macedonian Jews after the Holocaust
  • 2001 Ohrid Framework Agreement
  • Economic development and jobs in the Republic
  • Divided societies: recognition and reconciliation
  • “Diversifying” by “Bulgarizing”: passports and citizenships
  • Role of civil society in current affairs
  • Turkish soft power: reconciliation via soap operas and shopping malls?

Abstracts must be submitted in English or Macedonian, and should contain the title of the research paper, the author(s) full name, name of the institution, department, position, city and country along with contact details i.e. email id and phone numbers. A short Curriculum Vita of the author should also be attached.

Abstracts should be in 12 point Times New Roman and approximately 200-250 words. Abstracts should be submitted through the conference website,, or e-mailed to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. .
Competitive travel scholarships are available for students both in and out of Macedonia. For eligibility and details, please e-mail This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. .

Selected Papers will be published in a special edition release by the United Macedonian Diaspora and distributed to all subscribers and contributors to the organization, and libraries throughout the world.

For more information about UMD, please visit


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